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Police Vehicle Stop. What you need to know.

police vehicle stop

What to do/what not during a police vehicle stop.

  • police vehicle stop occur thousands of times daily.
  • first things first, the law in Ontario sees driving as a privilege, not a right. So while you are protected by the charter, there are certain obligations that you have during a police vehicle stop.
  • if a police officer has signalled for you to stop, you must immediately come to a safe stop
  • you could face fines or jail time for failing to stop when requested
  • The Highway Traffic Act requires you to provide the officer with three items during a police vehicle stop:
    • your driver’s license
    • proof of insurance
    • vehicle registration
  • Failure to provide these items can result in a fine
  • when you are pulled over, you should stay in the car, turn on the interior lights, roll down the window and place your hands on the steering wheel
  • when the officer comes to the window, provide them with your documents when they request them
  • In Ontario, your passengers are under no obligation to provide identification or to answer questions during a police vehicle stop.
  • The police can order to step out of your car if:
    • they suspect you are impaired and they are administering a roadside breath or sobriety test
    • they’re concerned for their safety (must be reasonable belief)
  • The police may ask to search your car
  • You do not have to give them consent – even if it sounds like an order
  • If you have been pulled over and they want to search your car, you have the right to call a lawyer
  • note that section 8 of the charter applies to the search of the vehicle so the police must have reasonable grounds for the search
  • act respectfully and provide the necessary documentation
  • sometimes, given the context, it’s better to comply with the officer’s requests than to argue with them

– it’s always your right to ask why you have been stopped and to contact a lawyer before answering any questions or consenting to a search




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